Fairford History Society

Farmor's School

The school opened as Fairford Free School on 24th. November 1738. The building cost £543.8s, and consisted of a schoolmaster's house and 2 classrooms with cellar and outbuildings including a brewhouse and a well in the rear yard. There had previously been several legacies to provide education in Fairford. In 1670 Lady Jane Mico founded a charity to provide apprenticeships for " 4 poore Boys", and in 1701 Mary Barker, daughter of Andrew Barker, Lord of the Manor of Fairford, left money for investment to raise funds for teaching poor boys to read and write. Later Elizabeth Farmor, Andrew Barker's granddaughter, left £1000 in her will, specifically to build a school and pay a schoolmaster. The school had accommodation for 60 boys, aged between 5 and 12, and if Fairford did not fill all the places, numbers were made up from the surrounding villages. Boys could be "turned away" for bad behaviour, and left school to start work at the age of 12.

Fairford Community Centre

From the beginning there were close ties with St. Mary's Church, the schoolmaster being required to conduct what we would call a Sunday school, and the Vicar giving Scripture lessons at the school. The building was also used for Church meetings out of school hours.

The school was so successful that in the early 1800's it was suggested that Fairford girls should also receive an education. At that time it was considered unnecessary to educate girls, and there was considerable opposition to the idea. Eventually the matter went to litigation. The Court made the enlightened decision that the original foundation did not specifically exclude females, and girls could be admitted. The school buildings were extended and a Girls school opened in 1815. It was totally segregated and run separately by a Schoolmistress. The boys' accommodation was upstairs and approached by an outside staircase, and the yard was divided by a stone wall into separate boys and girls areas.

In 1871, having been sanctioned by Parliament and approved by the Charity Commissioners, the funds from Lady Jane Mico's apprenticeship charity were amalgamated with those from Mary Barker and Elizabeth Farmor, to form a new educational charity, administered by trustees, which still continues today.

Co-education came to Fairford in 1922, when the Boys and Girls schools were combined under one Headmaster, Mr. Herbert Hedges, and the school changed its name to Farmors Free School to honour its major benefactoress. A plaque on the school wall pays tribute to the remarkable service of Herbert Hedges, who served as Headmaster of the school for 25 years, and Churchwarden for St Mary's church for 38 years. A second plaque commemorates an earlier Headmaster, Richard Green, who died in 1767, recording "the uncommon assiduity and abilities with which he discharged the duties of his profession".

From Victorian times, the school was the centre of education in the community, and there are records of the Vicar giving lectures on advanced subjects such as "Electricity". Adult education classes started officially in the building in 1925, when the Fairford Evening Institute was formed. Initially, only vocational subjects were studied, but later the range was extended to include arts and recreational subjects.

In the post war period of educational growth, after the Secondary Education Act, the building became the secondary school for the whole area, including Lechlade and surrounding villages, and became very overcrowded. Gloucestershire County Council, the statutory education authority, built a new secondary school, Farmor's School, in Fairford Park and in 1961 the pupils moved out. In return for the new school, the old building passed into the ownership of GCC, and became the centre for all sorts of community activities, meetings, playgroups, old peoples clubs, but particularly the Youth Club. By the mid 1960s, there was a large and thriving Youth Club with a full time Youth Leader living in the building and dividing his time between the Centre and the new school. The Council had an office and the County Library also used part of the building. Unfortunately, GCC was not in a position to spend money on maintenance and modernising, and, though reports were made on work which needed doing, it was not forthcoming.

In 1977 the people of Fairford decided to make the refurbishment of the Community centre its official Silver Jubilee project. Money was collected by public appeal, and the old building was redecorated, re-fitted and adapted, and reopened in February 1979. For some time there was a period of greatly increased community activity and enjoyment, new clubs and societies were started to take advantage of the improved facilities, and the usage was high. However, as the years passed, the building once again began to deteriorate. New regulations meant that the kitchen was inadequate, and the heating and electric wiring were unsatisfactory. By the year 2000, GCC had decided that it would be uneconomical to maintain the building to the standard required, and it was put on the market.

St' Mary's PCC and Fairford Town Council were both interested in acquiring the building for largely the same purposes, and it quickly became apparent that co-operation would be more productive than competition. A joint committee was formed to investigate the state of the building and consider its future possibilities, and in November 2002 the building was bought for the town. The PCC and Town Council each purchased part of the building with the intention of raising money for restoration and refurbishment and then managing the building as a whole, for the benefit of Fairford and to meet the changing needs of its people for the foreseeable future. After serving the town for almost 3 centuries the building will be subject to a one and a quarter million £ renewal project which will bring it up to 21st century standards and give it a new role in the community.